PubMed 26336927

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPC , TRPC1

Title: RhoA enhances store-operated Ca2+ entry and intestinal epithelial restitution by interacting with TRPC1 after wounding.

Authors: Hee Kyoung Chung, Navneeta Rathor, Shelley R Wang, Jian-Ying Wang, Jaladanki N Rao

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol., 2015 Nov 1 , 309, G759-67

PubMed link:

Early mucosal restitution occurs as a consequence of epithelial cell migration to resealing of superficial wounds after injury. Our previous studies show that canonical transient receptor potential-1 (TRPC1) functions as a store-operated Ca(2+) channel (SOC) in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and plays an important role in early epithelial restitution by increasing Ca(2+) influx. Here we further reported that RhoA, a small GTP-binding protein, interacts with and regulates TRPC1, thus enhancing SOC-mediated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) and epithelial restitution after wounding. RhoA physically associated with TRPC1 and formed the RhoA/TRPC1 complexes, and this interaction increased in stable TRPC1-transfected IEC-6 cells (IEC-TRPC1). Inactivation of RhoA by treating IEC-TRPC1 cells with exoenzyme C3 transferase (C3) or ectopic expression of dominant negative RhoA (DNMRhoA) reduced RhoA/TRPC1 complexes and inhibited Ca(2+) influx after store depletion, which was paralleled by an inhibition of cell migration over the wounded area. In contrast, ectopic expression of wild-type (WT)-RhoA increased the levels of RhoA/TRPC1 complexes, induced Ca(2+) influx through activation of SOCE, and promoted cell migration after wounding. TRPC1 silencing by transfecting stable WT RhoA-transfected cells with siRNA targeting TRPC1 (siTRPC1) reduced SOCE and repressed epithelial restitution. Moreover, ectopic overexpression of WT-RhoA in polyamine-deficient cells rescued the inhibition of Ca(2+) influx and cell migration induced by polyamine depletion. These findings indicate that RhoA interacts with and activates TRPC1 and thus stimulates rapid epithelial restitution after injury by inducing Ca(2+) signaling.