Channelpedia

PubMed 26481773


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1



Title: Human iPS cell models of Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome.

Authors: Milena Bellin, Boris Greber

Journal, date & volume: Rare Dis, 2015 , 3, e1012978

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26481773


Abstract
Recessive mutations in the ion channel-encoding KCNQ1 gene may cause Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (JLNS), a fatal cardiac disease leading to arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death in young patients. Mutations in KCNQ1 may also cause a milder and dominantly inherited form of the disease, long QT syndrome 1 (LQT1). However, why some mutations cause LQT1 and others cause JLNS can often not be understood a priori. In a recent study,(1) we have generated human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) models of JLNS. Our work mechanistically revealed how distinct classes of JLNS-causing genetic lesions, namely, missense and splice-site mutations, may promote the typical severe features of the disease at the cellular level. Interestingly, the JLNS models also displayed highly sensitive responses to pro-arrhythmic stresses. We hence propose JLNS hiPSCs as a powerful system for evaluating both phenotype-correcting as well as cardiotoxicity-causing drug effects.