Channelpedia

PubMed 26490461


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: Measurement of relative Ca(2+) permeability during sustained activation of TRPV1 receptors.

Authors: Damien S K Samways, Evan Tomkiewicz, Olivia M Langevin, Maurish Bukhari

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2016 Feb , 468, 201-11

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26490461


Abstract
Some cation permeable ligand-gated ion channels, including the capsaicin-sensitive TRPV1, have been reported to exhibit a time-dependent increase in permeability to large inorganic cations during sustained activation, a phenomenon termed "pore dilation." TRPV1 conducts substantial Ca(2+) entry, and it has been suggested that this channel undergoes a time-dependent change in Ca(2+) permeability relative to Na(+) (P Ca/P Na) that parallels pore dilation. However, our experiments employing whole cell patch clamp photometry and single channel recordings to directly measure relative Ca(2+) current in TRPV1 expressing HEK293 cells show that relative Ca(2+) influx remains constant for the duration of capsaicin-evoked channel activation. Further, we present evidence from patch clamp photometry experiments suggesting that sustained activation of Ca(2+) permeable ion channels in the voltage-clamp configuration leads to rapid saturation of the pipette Ca(2+) chelator, and that subsequent observed shifts in the current reversal potentials in the presence of extracellular Ca(2+) are likely due to intracellular accumulation of this ion and a movement of the Ca(2+) equilibrium potential (E Ca) towards zero. Finally, using an adapted reversal potential-based protocol in which cells are only exposed to Ca(2+) after sustained capsaicin exposure in the absence of added extracellular Ca(2+), we demonstrate that the calculated P Ca/P Na is unaffected by duration of TRPV1 activation. In conclusion, we find no evidence in support of a time-dependent change in P Ca/P Na for TRPV1. Our data further urges caution in estimating relative Ca(2+) permeability using reversal potentials, as there is a limited time window in which the cytosolic Ca(2+) chelator included in the patch pipette can prevent localised elevations in cytosolic free Ca(2+) and thus allow for an accurate estimate of this important channel permeability parameter.