Channelpedia

PubMed 26603538


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP



Title: What does evidence indicate about the role of TRP channels in inflammatory and immune cells?

Authors: A Parenti, F De Logu, P Geppetti, S Benemei

Journal, date & volume: Br. J. Pharmacol., 2015 Nov 25 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26603538


Abstract
A complex network of many interacting mechanisms orchestrates immune and inflammatory responses. Among these, the cation channels of the transient receptor potential (TRP) family expressed by resident tissue cells, inflammatory and immune cells and distinct subsets of primary sensory neurons, have emerged as a novel and interrelated system to detect and respond to harmful agents. TRP channels, by means of their direct effect on the intracellular levels of cations and/or through the indirect modulation of a large series of intracellular pathways, orchestrate a range of cellular processes, such as cytokine production, cell differentiation and cytotoxicity. The contribution of TRP channels to the transition of inflammation and immune responses from a defensive early response to a chronic and pathological condition is also emerging as a possible underlying mechanism in various diseases. This review discusses the roles of TRP channels in inflammatory and immune cell function and provides an overview of the effects of inflammatory and immune TRP channels on the pathogenesis of human diseases.