PubMed 26620101

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: A Phase 1b/2a study of the safety, pharmacokinetics and antiviral activity of BIT225 in patients with HIV-1 infection.

Authors: John Wilkinson, Gary Ewart, Carolyn Luscombe, Kristin McBride, Winai Ratanasuwan, Michelle Miller, Robert L Murphy

Journal, date & volume: J. Antimicrob. Chemother., 2016 Mar , 71, 731-8

PubMed link:

BIT225 (N-carbamimidoyl-5-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-2-naphthamide), a novel acyl-guanidine, is a novel antiviral drug that blocks Vpu ion channel activity and has anti-HIV-1 activity in vitro. The antiviral effect of BIT225 is most pronounced in cells of the myeloid lineage. With infected circulating monocytes and tissue-resident macrophages representing a key cellular reservoir of HIV-1, BIT225 has a potential role in the eradication of the virus from the host.BIT225-004 is a Phase 1b/2a, placebo-controlled, randomized study of the safety, pharmacokinetics and antiviral activity of BIT225 in 21 HIV-1-infected, ART-naive subjects. Twenty-one subjects were enrolled and received BIT225 (400 mg twice daily) or placebo treatment for 10 days (randomized 2:1). The anti-HIV-1 effect of BIT225 in the monocyte reservoir was measured in CD14+ monocytes isolated from the peripheral blood on days 1 (pre-dose), 5, 10 and 20; isolated monocytes were co-cultured ex vivo with MT4 T cells. De novo HIV-1 replication was measured by p24 activity of released virus into the culture supernatant to day 25 of co-culture. In addition, monocyte samples were collected for analysis by RT-PCR total HIV-1 DNA single-copy assay.Measurement of HIV-1 directly within the patient's monocyte population indicated that BIT225 treatment significantly reduced the viral burden in myeloid lineage cells, which was more evident in those individuals with the highest viral loads. In addition, BIT225-treated subjects demonstrated a significantly reduced level of monocyte activation (sCD163) compared with the placebo controls.This study's unique design demonstrates that BIT225 can significantly reduce the dissemination of HIV-1 from infected monocytes. This has important ramifications for diminishing the seeding/re-seeding of the viral reservoir.