Channelpedia

PubMed 26656859


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KChip2a , Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.3



Title: Repolarization Alternans and Ventricular Arrhythmia in a Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot Animal Model.

Authors: Shuenn-Nan Chiu, Chia-Ti Tsai, Lian-Yu Lin, Shu-Chien Huang, Yih-Sharng Chen, Jou-Kou Wang, Mei-Hwan Wu, Ling-Ping Lai, Jiunn-Lee Lin

Journal, date & volume: J Am Heart Assoc, 2015 , 4,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26656859


Abstract
Ventricular arrhythmia is an important cause of late death in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF). By using an rTOF canine model, we investigated the role of repolarization alternans and its electrophysiological mechanisms.Six dogs received right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) transannular patch, pulmonary valve destruction, and right bundle branch ablation to simulate rTOF. After 1 year, we performed high-resolution dual-voltage and calcium optical mapping to record action potentials and calcium transients on the excised right ventricular outflow tract wedges. Another 6 dogs without operation served as control. The rTOF group was more susceptible to action potential duration alternans (APD-ALT) and spatially discordant APD-ALT than control (threshold for APD-ALT: 516±36 vs 343±36 ms; P=0.017; threshold for discordant APD-ALT: 387±30 vs 310±14 ms; P=0.046). We detected 2 episodes of ventricular tachycardia in the rTOF group, but none in the control. Expressions of Kv4.3 and KChIP2 decreased in the rTOF group. Expression of connexin 43 also decreased in the rTOF group with a corresponding decrease of conduction velocity and might contribute to spatially discordant APD-ALT. We also found distinct electrophysiological features of the RVOT, including biphasic relationship between magnitude of APD-ALT and pacing cycle length, uncoupling of APD-ALT, and calcium transients alternans, and shortened APD, but unchanged, APD restitution in rTOF.We demonstrated novel electrophysiological properties of the RVOT. In an rTOF model, the RVOT exhibits increased susceptibility to temporal and spatially discordant APD-ALT, which was not totally dependent on calcium transient alternans.