Channelpedia

PubMed 26660477


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Slo1 , TRP , TRPM , TRPM7



Title: TRPM7 kinase activity regulates murine mast cell degranulation.

Authors: Susanna Zierler, Adriana Sumoza-Toledo, Sayuri Suzuki, Fionán Ó Dúill, Lillia V Ryazanova, Reinhold Penner, Alexey G Ryazanov, Andrea Fleig

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2015 Dec 14 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26660477


Abstract
The Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) conducting transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) channel-enzyme (chanzyme) has been implicated in immune cell function. Mice heterozygous for a TRPM7 kinase deletion are hyperallergic, while mice with a single point mutation at amino acid 1648, silencing kinase activity, are not. As mast cell mediators trigger allergic reactions, we here determine the function of TRPM7 in mast cell degranulation and histamine release. Our data establish that TRPM7 kinase activity regulates mast cell degranulation and release of histamine independently of TRPM7 channel function. Our findings suggest a regulatory role of TRPM7 kinase activity on intracellular Ca(2+) and extracellular Mg(2+) sensitivity of mast cell degranulation.Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) is a divalent ion channel with a C-terminally located α-kinase. Mice heterozygous for a TRPM7 kinase deletion (TRPM7(+/∆K) ) are hypomagnesaemic and hyperallergic. In contrast, mice carrying a single point mutation at amino acid 1648, which silences TRPM7 kinase activity (TRPM7(KR) ), are not hyperallergic and are resistant to systemic magnesium (Mg(2+) ) deprivation. Since allergic reactions are triggered by mast cell-mediated histamine release, we investigated the function of TRPM7 on mast cell degranulation and histamine release using wild-type (TRPM7(+/+) ), TRPM7(+/∆K) and TRPM7(KR) mice. We found that degranulation and histamine release proceeded independently of TRPM7 channel function. Furthermore, extracellular Mg(2+) assured unperturbed IgE-DNP-dependent exocytosis, independently of TRPM7. However, impairment of TRPM7 kinase function suppressed IgE-DNP-dependent exocytosis, slowed the cellular degranulation rate, and diminished the sensitivity to intracellular calcium (Ca(2+) ) in G protein-induced exocytosis. In addition, G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) stimulation revealed strong suppression of histamine release, whereas removal of extracellular Mg(2+) caused the phenotype to revert. We conclude that the TRPM7 kinase activity regulates murine mast cell degranulation by changing its sensitivity to intracellular Ca(2+) and affecting granular mobility and/or histamine contents.