Channelpedia

PubMed 26707467


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2



Title: Cardiac voltage-gated calcium channel macromolecular complexes.

Authors: Jean-Sébastien Rougier, Hugues Abriel

Journal, date & volume: Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2015 Dec 18 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26707467


Abstract
Over the past 20 years, a new field of research, called channelopathies, investigating diseases caused by ion channel dysfunction has emerged. Cardiac ion channels play an essential role in the generation of the cardiac action potential. Investigators have largely determined the physiological roles of different cardiac ion channels, but little is known about the molecular determinants of their regulation. The voltage-gated calcium channel Ca(v)1.2 shapes the plateau phase of the cardiac action potential and allows the influx of calcium leading to cardiomyocyte contraction. Studies suggest that the regulation of Ca(v)1.2 channels is not uniform in working cardiomyocytes. The notion of micro-domains containing Ca(v)1.2 channels and different calcium channel interacting proteins, called macro-molecular complex, has been proposed to explain these observations. The objective of this review is to summarize the currently known information on the Ca(v)1.2 macromolecular complexes in the cardiac cell and discuss their implication in cardiac function and disorder. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Cardiomyocyte Biology: Integration of Developmental and Environmental Cues in the Heart edited by Marcus Schaub and Hughes Abriel.