PubMed 24458591

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK3

Title: cAMP-PKA inhibition of SK3 channel reduced both Ca2+ entry and cancer cell migration by regulation of SK3-Orai1 complex.

Authors: Lucie Clarysse, Maxime Guéguinou, Marie Potier-Cartereau, Grégoire Vandecasteele, Philippe Bougnoux, Stéphan Chevalier, Aurelie Chantome, Christophe Vandier

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2014 Oct , 466, 1921-32

PubMed link:

SK3 channel mediates the migration of various cancer cells. When expressed in breast cancer cells, SK3 channel forms a complex with Orai1, a voltage-independent Ca(2+) channel. This SK3-Orai1 complex associates within lipid rafts where it controls a constitutive Ca(2+) entry leading to cancer cell migration and bone metastases development. Since cAMP was found to modulate breast cancer cell migration, we hypothesized that this could be explained by a modulation of SK3 channel activity. Herein, we study the regulation of SK3 channel by the cAMP-PKA pathway and the consequences for SK3-dependent Ca(2+) entry and cancer cell migration. We established that the beta-adrenergic receptor agonist, isoprenaline, or the direct adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin alone or in combination with the PDE4 inhibitor, CI-1044, decreased SK3 channel activity without modifying the expression of SK3 protein at the plasma membrane. Forskolin and CI-1044 reduced the SK3-dependent constitutive Ca(2+) entry and the SK3-dependent migration of MDA-MB-435s cells. PKA inhibition with KT 5720 reduced: (1) the effect of forskolin and CI-1044 by 50 % on Ca(2+) entry and (2) SK3 activity by inhibiting the serine phosphorylation of SK3. These cAMP-elevating agents displaced Orai1 protein outside lipid rafts in contrast to SK3, which remained in the lipid rafts fractions. All together, these results show that activation of the cAMP-PKA pathway decreases SK3 channel and SK3-Orai1 complex activities, leading to a decrease in both Ca(2+) entry and cancer cell migration. This work supports the potential use of cAMP-elevating agents to reduce cancer cell migration and may provide novel opportunities to address/prevent bone metastasis.