PubMed 24743737

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: TRPV1 activation impedes foam cell formation by inducing autophagy in oxLDL-treated vascular smooth muscle cells.

Authors: B-H Li, Y-W Yin, Y Liu, Y Pi, L Guo, X-J Cao, C-Y Gao, L-L Zhang, J-C Li

Journal, date & volume: Cell Death Dis, 2014 , 5, e1182

PubMed link:

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are an important origin of foam cells besides macrophages. The mechanisms underlying VSMC foam cell formation are relatively little known. Activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily 1 (TRPV1) and autophagy have a potential role in regulating foam cell formation. Our study demonstrated that autophagy protected against foam cell formation in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-treated VSMCs; activation of TRPV1 by capsaicin rescued the autophagy impaired by oxLDL and activated autophagy-lysosome pathway in VSMCs; activation of TRPV1 by capsaicin impeded foam cell formation of VSMCs through autophagy induction; activation of TRPV1 by capsaicin induced autophagy through AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway. This study provides evidence that autophagy plays an important role in VSMC foam cell formation and highlights TRPV1 as a promising therapeutic target in atherosclerosis.