Channelpedia

PubMed 24762397


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.3



Title: The potential role of Kv4.3 K+ channel in heart hypertrophy.

Authors: Rong Huo, Yue Sheng, Wen-Ting Guo, De-Li Dong

Journal, date & volume: Channels (Austin), 2014 , 8, 203-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24762397


Abstract
Transient outward K+ current (I(to)) plays a crucial role in the early phase of cardiac action potential repolarization. Kv4.3 K(+) channel is an important component of I(to). The function and expression of Kv4.3 K(+) channel decrease in variety of heart diseases, especially in heart hypertrophy/heart failure. Int his review, we summarized the changes of cardiac Kv4.3 K(+) channel in heart diseases and discussed the potential role of Kv4.3 K(+) channel in heart hypertrophy/heart failure. In heart hypertrophy/heart failure of mice and rats, down regulation of Kv4.3 K(+) channel leads to prolongation of action potential duration (APD), which is associated with increased [Ca(2+)](I), activation of calcineurin and heart hypertrophy/heart failure.However, in canine and human, Kv4.3 K(+) channel does not play a major role in setting cardiac APD. So, in addition to Kv4.3 K(+) channel/APD/[Ca(2+)](I) pathway, there exits another mechanism of Kv4.3 K(+) channel in heart hypertrophy and heart failure: downregulation of Kv4.3 K(+) channels leads to CaMKII dissociation from Kv4.3–CaMKII complex and subsequent activation of the dissociated CaMKII , which induces heart hypertrophy/heart failure. Upregulation of Kv4.3K(+) channel inhibits CaMKII activation and its related harmful consequences. We put forward a new point-of-view that Kv4.3 K(+) channel is involved in heart hypertrophy/heart failure independently of its electric function, and drugs inhibiting or upregulating Kv4.3 K(+) channel might be potentially harmful or beneficial to hearts through CaMKII.