PubMed 24910450

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Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1 , Slo1

Title: Tissue remodeling in periplaque regions of multiple sclerosis spinal cord lesions.

Authors: Alice Lieury, Marie Chanal, Géraldine Androdias, Richard Reynolds, Sylvie Cavagna, Pascale Giraudon, Christian Confavreux, Serge Nataf

Journal, date & volume: Glia, 2014 Oct , 62, 1645-58

PubMed link:

Our knowledge of multiple sclerosis (MS) neuropathology has benefited from a number of studies that provided an in-depth description of plaques and, more recently, diffuse alterations of the normal-appearing white or grey matter. However, there have been few studies focusing on the periplaque regions surrounding demyelinated plaques, notably in MS spinal cords. In this context, the present study aimed to analyze the molecular immunopathology of periplaque demyelinated lesions (PDLs) in the spinal cord of patients with a progressive form of MS. To achieve this goal, the neuropathological features of PDLs were analyzed in postmortem tissues derived from the cervical spinal cord of 21 patients with primary or secondary progressive MS. We found that PDLs covered unexpectedly large areas of incomplete demyelination and were characterized by the superimposition of pro- and anti-inflammatory molecular signatures. Accordingly, macrophages/microglia accumulated in PDLs but exhibited a poor phagocytic activity toward myelin debris. Interestingly, while genes of the oligodendrocyte lineage were consistently down-regulated in PDLs, astrocyte-related molecules such as aquaporin 4, connexin 43 and the glutamate transporter EAAT1, were significantly upregulated in PDLs at the mRNA and protein levels. Overall, our work indicates that in the spinal cord of patients with a progressive form of MS, a tissue remodeling process that is temporally remote from plaque development takes place in PDLs. We propose that in spinal cord PDLs, this process is supported by subtle alterations of astrocyte functions and by low-grade inflammatory events that drive a slowly progressive loss of myelin and a failure of remyelination.