PubMed 24926615

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2

Title: Glycine receptors control the generation of projection neurons in the developing cerebral cortex.

Authors: A Avila, P M Vidal, S Tielens, G Morelli, S Laguesse, R J Harvey, J-M Rigo, L Nguyen

Journal, date & volume: Cell Death Differ., 2014 Nov , 21, 1696-708

PubMed link:

The development of the cerebral cortex requires coordinated regulation of proliferation, specification, migration and differentiation of cortical progenitors into functionally integrated neurons. The completion of the neurogenic program requires a dynamic interplay between cell intrinsic regulators and extrinsic cues, such as growth factor and neurotransmitters. We previously demonstrated a role for extrasynaptic glycine receptors (GlyRs) containing the α2 subunit in cerebral cortical neurogenesis, revealing that endogenous GlyR activation promotes interneuron migration in the developing cortical wall. The proliferative compartment of the cortex comprises apical progenitors that give birth to neurons directly or indirectly through the generation of basal progenitors, which serve as amplification step to generate the bulk of cortical neurons. The present work shows that genetic inactivation of Glra2, the gene coding the α2 subunit of GlyRs, disrupts dorsal cortical progenitor homeostasis with an impaired capability of apical progenitors to generate basal progenitors. This defect results in an overall reduction of projection neurons that settle in upper or deep layers of the cerebral cortex. Overall, the depletion of cortical neurons observed in Glra2-knockout embryos leads to moderate microcephaly in newborn Glra2-knockout mice. Taken together, our findings support a contribution of GlyR α2 to early processes in cerebral cortical neurogenesis that are required later for the proper development of cortical circuits.