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PubMed 25008557


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Automatically associated channels: Nav1 , Nav1.7



Title: Channelopathies, painful neuropathy, and diabetes: which way does the causal arrow point?

Authors: Janneke G J Hoeijmakers, Catharina G Faber, Ingemar S J Merkies, Stephen G Waxman

Journal, date & volume: Trends Mol Med, 2014 Oct , 20, 544-50

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25008557


Abstract
Diabetes mellitus, a major global health problem, is commonly associated with painful peripheral neuropathy, which can substantially erode quality of life. Despite its clinical importance, the pathophysiology of painful diabetic neuropathy is incompletely understood. It has traditionally been thought that diabetes may cause neuropathy in patients with appropriate genetic makeup. Here, we propose a hypothesis whereby painful neuropathy is not a complication of diabetes, but rather occurs as a result of mutations that, in parallel, confer vulnerability to injury in pancreatic β cells and pain-signaling dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. We suggest that mutations of sodium channel NaV1.7, which is present in both cell types, may increase susceptibility for development of diabetes via β cell injury and produce painful neuropathy via a distinct effect on DRG neurons.