Channelpedia

PubMed 25014020


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Slo1 , TRP , TRPC , TRPC4 , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: Novel coupling between TRPC-like and KNa channels modulates low threshold spike-induced afterpotentials in rat thalamic midline neurons.

Authors: Miloslav Kolaj, Li Zhang, Leo P Renaud

Journal, date & volume: Neuropharmacology, 2014 Nov , 86, 88-96

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25014020


Abstract
Neurons in thalamic midline and paraventricular nuclei (PVT) display a unique slow afterhyperpolarizing potential (sAHP) following the low threshold spike (LTS) generated by activation of their low voltage Ca(2+) channels. We evaluated the conductances underlying this sAHP using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in rat brain slice preparations. Initial observations recorded in the presence of TTX revealed a marked dependency of the LTS-induced sAHP on extracellular Na(+): replacing Na(+) with TRIS(+) in the external medium eliminated the LTS-induced sAHP; substitution of Na(+) with either Li(+) or choline(+) in the external medium resulted in a gradual loss of the sAHP and its replacement with a prolonged slow afterdepolarizing potential (sADP). The LTS-induced sAHP was reduced by quinidine and potentiated by loxapine, suggesting involvement of KNa-like channels. Canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) channels were considered the source for Na(+) based on observations that the sAHP was suppressed by nonselective TRPC channel blockers (2-APB, flufenamic acid and ML204) but unchanged in the presence of TRPV1 channel blocker (SB-366791). In addition, after replacement of Na(+) with Li(+), the isolated LTS-induced sADP was significantly suppressed in the presence of 2-APB or ML204, after replacement of extracellular Ca(2+) with Sr(2+), and by intracellular Ca(2+) chelation with EGTA, data that collectively suggest involvement of Ca(2+)-activated TRPC-like conductances containing TRPC4/5 subunits. The isolated LTS-induced sADP also exhibited a strong voltage dependency, decreasing at hyperpolarizing potentials, further support for involvement of TRPC4/5 subunits. This sADP exhibited neurotransmitter receptor sensitivity, with suppression by 5-CT, a 5-HT7 receptor agonist, and enhancement by the neuropeptide orexin A. These data suggest that LTS-induced slow afterpotentials reflect a simultaneous interplay between KNa and TRPC-like conductances, novel for midline thalamic neurons.