Channelpedia

PubMed 25016616


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav3.1 , Cav3.2



Title: T-type calcium channels are involved in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension.

Authors: Marc Chevalier, Guillaume Gilbert, Etienne Roux, Philipe Lory, Roger Marthan, Jean-Pierre Savineau, Jean-François Quignard

Journal, date & volume: Cardiovasc. Res., 2014 Sep 1 , 103, 597-606

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25016616


Abstract
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is the main disease of pulmonary circulation. Alteration in calcium homeostasis in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) is recognized as a key feature in PH. The present study was undertaken to investigate the involvement of T-type voltage-gated calcium channels (T-VGCCs) in the control of the pulmonary vascular tone and thereby in the development of PH.Experiments were conducted in animals (rats and mice) kept 3-4 weeks in either normal (normoxic) or hypoxic environment (hypobaric chamber) to induce chronic hypoxia (CH) PH. In vivo, chronic treatment of CH rats with the T-VGCC blocker, TTA-A2, prevented PH and the associated vascular hyperreactivity, pulmonary arterial remodelling, and right cardiac hypertrophy. Deletion of the Cav3.1 gene (a T-VGCC isoform) protected mice from CH-PH. In vitro, patch-clamp and PCR experiments revealed the presence of T-VGCCs (mainly Cav3.1 and Cav3.2) in PASMCs. Mibefradil, NNC550396, and TTA-A2 inhibited, in a concentration-dependent manner, T-VGCC current, KCl-induced contraction, and PASMC proliferation.The present study demonstrates that T-VGCCs contribute to intrapulmonary vascular reactivity and is implicated in the development of hypoxic PH. Specific blockers of T-VGCCs may thus prove useful for the therapeutic management of PH.