PubMed 25183366

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Cross-talk between neural and immune receptors provides a potential mechanism of homeostatic regulation in the gut mucosa.

Authors: B M Assas, J A Miyan, J L Pennock

Journal, date & volume: Mucosal Immunol, 2014 Nov , 7, 1283-9

PubMed link:

The relationship between elements of the immune system and the nervous system in the presence of bacteria has been addressed recently. In particular, the sensory vanilloid receptor 1 (transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1)) and the neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) have been found to modulate cytokine response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) independently of adaptive immunity. In this review we discuss mucosal homeostasis in the gastrointestinal tract where bacterial concentration is high. We propose that the Gram-negative bacterial receptor Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) can activate TRPV1 via intracellular signaling, and thereby induce the subsequent release of anti-inflammatory CGRP to maintain mucosal homeostasis.