PubMed 25230101

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ1 , Kv7.1

Title: Computational prediction of proarrhythmogenic effect of the V241F KCNQ1 mutation in human atrium.

Authors: Riski Imaniastuti, Hyun Seung Lee, Nari Kim, Jae Boum Youm, Eun Bo Shim, Ki Moo Lim

Journal, date & volume: Prog. Biophys. Mol. Biol., 2014 Sep , 116, 70-5

PubMed link:

Genetic factors play an important role in the pathogenesis of atrial flutter (AF). Although mutation in KCNQ1 has been widely correlated with AF, the mechanism by which mutation promotes AF remains poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the proarrhythmic effect of V241F KCNQ1 mutation in human atrium using the electrophysiological model of human atrium. Using 2D and 3D cardiac electrophysiological models that incorporate the Courtemanche human atrial model, we simulated electrical conduction through atrial tissue and compared spiral wave dynamics under the wild-type and V241F KCNQ1 conditions. In 2D and 3D simulation, V241F KCNQ1 showed a stable and persistent wave without spiral break-up, whereas the wild-type wave was less stable, resulting in early self-termination. According to the results, we concluded that compared to the wild type, the electrical activity of the V241F KCNQ1 mutation is more likely to sustain spiral wave.