PubMed 25254342

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: Generation of induced neuronal cells by the single reprogramming factor ASCL1.

Authors: Soham Chanda, Cheen Euong Ang, Jonathan Davila, ChangHui Pak, Moritz Mall, Qian Yi Lee, Henrik Ahlenius, Seung Woo Jung, Thomas C Südhof, Marius Wernig

Journal, date & volume: Stem Cell Reports, 2014 Aug 12 , 3, 282-96

PubMed link:

Direct conversion of nonneural cells to functional neurons holds great promise for neurological disease modeling and regenerative medicine. We previously reported rapid reprogramming of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) into mature induced neuronal (iN) cells by forced expression of three transcription factors: ASCL1, MYT1L, and BRN2. Here, we show that ASCL1 alone is sufficient to generate functional iN cells from mouse and human fibroblasts and embryonic stem cells, indicating that ASCL1 is the key driver of iN cell reprogramming in different cell contexts and that the role of MYT1L and BRN2 is primarily to enhance the neuronal maturation process. ASCL1-induced single-factor neurons (1F-iN) expressed mature neuronal markers, exhibited typical passive and active intrinsic membrane properties, and formed functional pre- and postsynaptic structures. Surprisingly, ASCL1-induced iN cells were predominantly excitatory, demonstrating that ASCL1 is permissive but alone not deterministic for the inhibitory neuronal lineage.