Channelpedia

PubMed 25292336


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav1.3



Title: CaV1.2 and CaV1.3 channel hyperactivation in mouse islet β cells exposed to type 1 diabetic serum.

Authors: Guang Yang, Yue Shi, Jia Yu, Yuxin Li, Lina Yu, Andrea Welling, Franz Hofmann, Jörg Striessnig, Lisa Juntti-Berggren, Per-Olof Berggren, Shao-Nian Yang

Journal, date & volume: Cell. Mol. Life Sci., 2015 Mar , 72, 1197-207

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25292336


Abstract
The voltage-gated Ca(2+) (CaV) channel acts as a key player in β cell physiology and pathophysiology. β cell CaV channels undergo hyperactivation subsequent to exposure to type 1 diabetic (T1D) serum resulting in increased cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration and thereby Ca(2+)-triggered β cell apoptosis. The present study was aimed at revealing the subtypes of CaV1 channels hyperactivated by T1D serum as well as the biophysical mechanisms responsible for T1D serum-induced hyperactivation of β cell CaV1 channels. Patch-clamp recordings and single-cell RT-PCR analysis were performed in pancreatic β cells from CaV1 channel knockout and corresponding control mice. We now show that functional CaV1.3 channels are expressed in a subgroup of islet β cells from CaV1.2 knockout mice (CaV1.2(-/-)). T1D serum enhanced whole-cell CaV currents in islet β cells from CaV1.3 knockout mice (CaV1.3(-/-)). T1D serum increased the open probability and number of functional unitary CaV1 channels in CaV1.2(-/-) and CaV1.3(-/-) β cells. These data demonstrate that T1D serum hyperactivates both CaV1.2 and CaV1.3 channels by increasing their conductivity and number. These findings suggest CaV1.2 and CaV1.3 channels as potential targets for anti-diabetes therapy.