PubMed 25463229

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.2 , Cav1.3 , Kir6.1 , Kir6.2 , Slo1

Title: Effects of sodium metabisulfite on the expression of BK(Ca), K(ATP), and L-Ca(2+) channels in rat aortas in vivo and in vitro.

Authors: Quanxi Zhang, Yunlong Bai, Jingjing Tian, Xiaodong Lei, Mei Li, Zhenhua Yang, Ziqiang Meng

Journal, date & volume: J. Hazard. Mater., 2015 Mar 2 , 284, 151-62

PubMed link:

Sodium metabisulfite (SMB) is most commonly used as the preservative in many food preparations and drugs. So far, few studies about its negative effects were reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of SMB on the expression of big-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) (BKCa), ATP-sensitive K(+) (KATP), and L-type calcium (L-Ca(2+)) channels in rat aorta in vivo and in vitro. The results showed that the mRNA and protein levels of the BKCa channel subunits α and β1 of aorta in rats were increased by SMB in vivo and in vitro. Similarly, the expression of the KATP channel subunits Kir6.1, Kir6.2, and SUR2B were increased by SMB. However, SMB at the highest concentration significantly decreased the expression of the L-Ca(2+) channel subunits Cav1.2 and Cav1.3. These results suggest that SMB can activate BKCa and KATP channels by increasing the expression of α, β1, and Kir6.1, Kir6.2, SUR2B respectively, while also inhibit L-Ca(2+) channels by decreasing the expression of Cav1.2 and Cav1.3 of aorta in rats. The molecular mechanism of SMB-induced vasorelaxant effect might be related to the expression changes of BKCa, KATP, and L-Ca(2+) channels subunits. Further work is needed to determine the relative contribution of each channel in SMB-mediated vasorelaxant effect.