PubMed 25497881

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3 , Kv11.1

Title: Mouse ERG K(+) channel clones reveal differences in protein trafficking and function.

Authors: Eric C Lin, Brooke M Moungey, Evi Lim, Sarah P Concannon, Corey L Anderson, John W Kyle, Jonathan C Makielski, Sadguna Y Balijepalli, Craig T January

Journal, date & volume: J Am Heart Assoc, 2014 Dec , 3, e001491

PubMed link:

The mouse ether-a-go-go-related gene 1a (mERG1a, mKCNH2) encodes mERG K(+) channels in mouse cardiomyocytes. The mERG channels and their human analogue, hERG channels, conduct IKr. Mutations in hERG channels reduce IKr to cause congenital long-QT syndrome type 2, mostly by decreasing surface membrane expression of trafficking-deficient channels. Three cDNA sequences were originally reported for mERG channels that differ by 1 to 4 amino acid residues (mERG-London, mERG-Waterston, and mERG-Nie). We characterized these mERG channels to test the postulation that they would differ in their protein trafficking and biophysical function, based on previous findings in long-QT syndrome type 2.The 3 mERG and hERG channels were expressed in HEK293 cells and neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes and were studied using Western blot and whole-cell patch clamp. We then compared our findings with the recent sequencing results in the Welcome Trust Sanger Institute Mouse Genomes Project (WTSIMGP).First, the mERG-London channel with amino acid substitutions in regions of highly ordered structure is trafficking deficient and undergoes temperature-dependent and pharmacological correction of its trafficking deficiency. Second, the voltage dependence of channel gating would be different for the 3 mERG channels. Third, compared with the WTSIMGP data set, the mERG-Nie clone is likely to represent the wild-type mouse sequence and physiology. Fourth, the WTSIMGP analysis suggests that substrain-specific sequence differences in mERG are a common finding in mice. These findings with mERG channels support previous findings with hERG channel structure-function analyses in long-QT syndrome type 2, in which sequence changes in regions of highly ordered structure are likely to result in abnormal protein trafficking.