PubMed 25562606

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM2

Title: TRPM2-mediated intracellular Zn2+ release triggers pancreatic β-cell death.

Authors: Paul T Manna, Tim S Munsey, Nada Abuarab, Fangfang Li, Aruna Asipu, Gareth Howell, Alicia Sedo, Wei Yang, Jacqui Naylor, David J Beech, Lin-Hua Jiang, Asipu Sivaprasadarao

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. J., 2015 Mar 15 , 466, 537-46

PubMed link:

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) can cause pancreatic β-cell death by activating transient receptor potential (melastatin) 2 (TRPM2) channels. Cell death has been attributed to the ability of these channels to raise cytosolic Ca2+. Recent studies however revealed that TRPM2 channels can also conduct Zn2+, but the physiological relevance of this property is enigmatic. Given that Zn2+ is cytotoxic, we asked whether TRPM2 channels can permeate sufficient Zn2+ to affect cell viability. To address this, we used the insulin secreting (INS1) β-cell line, human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells transfected with TRPM2 and pancreatic islets. H2O2 activation of TRPM2 channels increases the cytosolic levels of both Ca2+ and Zn2+ and causes apoptotic cell death. Interestingly, chelation of Zn2+ alone was sufficient to prevent β-cell death. The source of the cytotoxic Zn2+ is intracellular, found largely sequestered in lysosomes. Lysosomes express TRPM2 channels, providing a potential route for Zn2+ release. Zn2+ release is potentiated by extracellular Ca2+ entry, indicating that Ca2+-induced Zn2+ release leads to apoptosis. Knockout of TRPM2 channels protects mice from β-cell death and hyperglycaemia induced by multiple low-dose streptozotocin (STZ; MLDS) administration. These results argue that TRPM2-mediated, Ca2+-potentiated Zn2+ release underlies ROS-induced β-cell death and Zn2+, rather than Ca2+, plays a primary role in apoptosis.