PubMed 25575793

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV4

Title: Ca(2+) influx mediates the TRPV4-NO pathway in neuropathic hyperalgesia following chronic compression of the dorsal root ganglion.

Authors: Jie Wang, Xiao-Wei Wang, Yang Zhang, Cui-Ping Yin, Shou-Wei Yue

Journal, date & volume: Neurosci. Lett., 2015 Feb 19 , 588, 159-65

PubMed link:

Chronic compression of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) (CCD) in rats is a typical model of neuropathic pain. TRPV4 contributed to mechanical allodynia induced by the CCD model. Our previous study demonstrated that TRPV4 enhances neuropathic hyperalgesia through a NO-cGMP-PKG cascade. However, the underlying mechanism(s) is still largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to test whether TRPV4-mediated Ca(2+) influx is involved in the TRPV4-NO pathway. Regulation of intracellular calcium concentration by intrathecal injection of TRPV4-targeted siRNA significantly decreased the behavioural hyperalgesia, NF-κB activity, and NO content in CCD rats. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of mibefradil significantly induced dose-dependent increases in the paw withdrawal latency (PWL) and mechanical withdrawal thresholds (MWT), as well as decreases in NF-κB activity and NO content in DRG of CCD rats. Moreover, pre-treatment with 4α-PDD attenuated the suppressive effects of mibefradil on CCD-induced neuropathic hyperalgesia, NF-κB activity, and NO production. The data showed that TRPV4-mediated Ca(2+) influx might be engaged in the TRPV4-NO pathway in neuropathic hyperalgesia in the CCD model.