Channelpedia

PubMed 25637531


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: Integrin α6β4 and TRPV1 channel coordinately regulate directional keratinocyte migration.

Authors: Ayako Miyazaki, Tsuyako Ohkubo, Mitsutoki Hatta, Hiroyuki Ishikawa, Jun Yamazaki

Journal, date & volume: Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2015 Feb 27 , 458, 161-7

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25637531


Abstract
The directional migration of epithelial cells is crucial for wound healing. Among integrins, a family of cell adhesion receptors, integrin β4 has been assumed to be a promigratory factor, in addition to its role in stable adhesion. In turn, Ca(2+) signaling is also a key coordinator of migration. Keratinocytes reportedly express transient receptor potential vanilloid channels (TRPV1); however, the function of these channels as a regulator of intracellular Ca(2+) level in cell migration has remained uncharacterized. In the present study, we investigated the role of TRPV1 in directional migration related to integrin β4 using a scratch wound assay on a confluent monolayer sheet of murine keratinocytes (Pam212 cells). Double immunofluorescence staining revealed the de novo expression of integrin β4 and TRPV1 in migrating cells at the wound edge in response to scratch wounding, and both expression levels were almost matched. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) not only promoted keratinocyte migration, but also caused the further up-regulation of both integrin β4 and TRPV1. In addition, the knockdown of the integrin β4 or TRPV1 gene significantly impeded wound closure. The TRPV1 agonist capsaicin significantly promoted migration, while a selective TRPV1 antagonist inhibited it. The gene knockdown of TRPV1 inhibited the expression of the integrin β4 gene and that of β4 protein in migrating cells. These findings suggest that TRPV1 may stimulate directional migration directly by eliciting a Ca(2+) signal or indirectly via integrin β4 expression.