Channelpedia

PubMed 25686321


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1



Title: [Activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 serves as a novel pathway to modulate secretion in submandibular gland].

Authors: Xin Cong, Yan Zhang, Guang-Yan Yu, Li-Ling Wu

Journal, date & volume: Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao, 2015 Feb 18 , 47, 8-12

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25686321


Abstract
Our work focused on the studies on the expression and function of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1) in the submandibular gland. By using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), Western blotting, and immunofluorescence, our data demonstrated the expression and distribution characteristics of TRPV1 in rabbit and human submandibular glands, as well as rat submandibular gland cell line SMG-C6. Furthermore, the possible intracellular signal molecules involved in the TRPV1-modulated saliva secretion were explored. Activation of TRPV1 increased the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, upregulated the expression of aquaporin 5 (AQP5), the main transporter that mediate water secretion through transcellular pathway, and led to AQP5 redistribution. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) was involved in the TRPV1-regulated AQP5 content. Besides, TRPV1 activation also modulated the expression, distribution, and function of tight junction protein, and increased paracellular permeability. ERK1/2 and myosin light chain 2 (MLC2) were responsible for the regulation of TRPV1on tight junction properties. Taken together, our work suggested that TRPV1 was a potential target to promote saliva secretion, and activation of TRPV1 might provide a new and safe therapeutic strategy to ameliorate submandibular gland hypofunction.