PubMed 25704182

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC4 , SK4

Title: Epigenetic dysregulation of KCa 3.1 channels induces poor prognosis in lung cancer.

Authors: Etmar Bulk, Anne-Sophie Ay, Mehdi Hammadi, Halima Ouadid-Ahidouch, Sonja Schelhaas, Antje Hascher, Christian Rohde, Nils H Thoennissen, Rainer Wiewrodt, Eva Schmidt, Alessandro Marra, Ludger Hillejan, Andreas H Jacobs, Hans-Ulrich Klein, Martin Dugas, Wolfgang E Berdel, Carsten Müller-Tidow, Albrecht Schwab

Journal, date & volume: Int. J. Cancer, 2015 Sep 15 , 137, 1306-17

PubMed link:

Epigenomic changes are an important feature of malignant tumors. How tumor aggressiveness is affected by DNA methylation of specific loci is largely unexplored. In genome-wide DNA methylation analyses, we identified the KCa 3.1 channel gene (KCNN4) promoter to be hypomethylated in an aggressive non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell line and in patient samples. Accordingly, KCa 3.1 expression was increased in more aggressive NSCLC cells. Both findings were strong predictors for poor prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma. Increased KCa 3.1 expression was associated with aggressive features of NSCLC cells. Proliferation and migration of pro-metastatic NSCLC cells depended on KCa 3.1 activity. Mechanistically, elevated KCa 3.1 expression hyperpolarized the membrane potential, thereby augmenting the driving force for Ca(2+) influx. KCa 3.1 blockade strongly reduced the growth of xenografted NSCLC cells in mice as measured by positron emission tomography-computed tomography. Thus, loss of DNA methylation of the KCNN4 promoter and increased KCa 3.1 channel expression and function are mechanistically linked to poor survival of NSCLC patients.