PubMed 25707578

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.4 , Slo1

Title: Defective fast inactivation recovery of Nav 1.4 in congenital myasthenic syndrome.

Authors: W David Arnold, Daniel H Feldman, Sandra Ramirez, Liuyuan He, Darine Kassar, Adam Quick, Tara L Klassen, Marian Lara, Joanna Nguyen, John T Kissel, Christoph Lossin, Ricardo A Maselli

Journal, date & volume: Ann. Neurol., 2015 May , 77, 840-50

PubMed link:

To describe the unique phenotype and genetic findings in a 57-year-old female with a rare form of congenital myasthenic syndrome (CMS) associated with longstanding muscle fatigability, and to investigate the underlying pathophysiology.We used whole-cell voltage clamping to compare the biophysical parameters of wild-type and Arg1457His-mutant Nav 1.4.Clinical and neurophysiological evaluation revealed features consistent with CMS. Sequencing of candidate genes indicated no abnormalities. However, analysis of SCN4A, the gene encoding the skeletal muscle sodium channel Nav 1.4, revealed a homozygous mutation predicting an arginine-to-histidine substitution at position 1457 (Arg1457His), which maps to the channel's voltage sensor, specifically D4/S4. Whole-cell patch clamp studies revealed that the mutant required longer hyperpolarization to recover from fast inactivation, which produced a profound use-dependent current attenuation not seen in the wild type. The mutant channel also had a marked hyperpolarizing shift in its voltage dependence of inactivation as well as slowed inactivation kinetics.We conclude that Arg1457His compromises muscle fiber excitability. The mutant fast-inactivates with significantly less depolarization, and it recovers only after extended hyperpolarization. The resulting enhancement in its use dependence reduces channel availability, which explains the patient's muscle fatigability. Arg1457His offers molecular insight into a rare form of CMS precipitated by sodium channel inactivation defects. Given this channel's involvement in other muscle disorders such as paramyotonia congenita and hyperkalemic periodic paralysis, our study exemplifies how variations within the same gene can give rise to multiple distinct dysfunctions and phenotypes, revealing residues important in basic channel function.