PubMed 25810261

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.3 , Cav3.1 , Cav3.2 , Cav3.3

Title: Nickel suppresses the PACAP-induced increase in guinea pig cardiac neuron excitability.

Authors: John D Tompkins, Laura A Merriam, Beatrice M Girard, Victor May, Rodney L Parsons

Journal, date & volume: Am. J. Physiol., Cell Physiol., 2015 Jun 1 , 308, C857-66

PubMed link:

Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a potent intercellular signaling molecule involved in multiple homeostatic functions. PACAP/PAC1 receptor signaling increases excitability of neurons within the guinea pig cardiac ganglia, making them a unique system to establish mechanisms underlying PACAP modulation of neuronal function. Calcium influx is required for the PACAP-increased cardiac neuron excitability, although the pathway is unknown. This study tested whether PACAP enhancement of calcium influx through either T-type or R-type channels contributed to the modulation of excitability. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyses indicated transcripts for Cav3.1, Cav3.2, and Cav3.3 T-type isoforms and R-type Cav2.3 in cardiac neurons. These neurons often exhibit a hyperpolarization-induced rebound depolarization that remains when cesium is present to block hyperpolarization-activated nonselective cationic currents (Ih). The T-type calcium channel inhibitors, nickel (Ni(2+)) or mibefradil, suppressed the rebound depolarization, and treatment with both drugs hyperpolarized cardiac neurons by 2-4 mV. Together, these results are consistent with the presence of functional T-type channels, potentially along with R-type channels, in these cardiac neurons. Fifty micromolar Ni(2+), a concentration that suppresses currents in both T-type and R-type channels, blunted the PACAP-initiated increase in excitability. Ni(2+) also blunted PACAP enhancement of the hyperpolarization-induced rebound depolarization and reversed the PACAP-mediated increase in excitability, after being initiated, in a subset of cells. Lastly, low voltage-activated currents, measured under perforated patch whole cell recording conditions and potentially flowing through T-type or R-type channels, were enhanced by PACAP. Together, our results suggest that a PACAP-enhanced, Ni(2+)-sensitive current contributes to PACAP-induced modulation of neuronal excitability.