PubMed 14608015

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Nav1.4

Title: Different flecainide sensitivity of hNav1.4 channels and myotonic mutants explained by state-dependent block.

Authors: Jean-François Desaphy, Annamaria De Luca, Maria Paola Didonna, Alfred L George, Diana Camerino Conte, Annamaria D E Luca

Journal, date & volume: J. Physiol. (Lond.), 2004 Jan 15 , 554, 321-34

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Flecainide, a class IC antiarrhythmic, was shown to improve myotonia caused by sodium channel mutations in situations where the class IB antiarrhythmic drug mexiletine was less efficient. Yet little is known about molecular interactions between flecainide and human skeletal muscle sodium (hNa(v)1.4) channels. Whole-cell sodium currents (I(Na)) were recorded in tsA201 cells expressing wild-type (WT) and mutant hNa(v)1.4 channels (R1448C, paramyotonia congenita; G1306E, potassium-aggravated myotonia). At a holding potential (HP) of -120 mV, flecainide use-dependently blocked WT and G1306E I(Na) equally but was more potent on R1448C channels. For WT, the extent of block depended on a holding voltage more negative than the activation threshold, being greater at -90 mV as compared to -120 and -180 mV. This behaviour was exacerbated by the R1448C mutation since block at -120 mV was greater than that at -180 mV. Thus flecainide can bind to inactivated sodium channels in the absence of channel opening. Nevertheless, all the channels showed the same closed-state affinity constant (K(R) approximately 480 microM) and the same inactivated-state affinity constant (K(I) approximately 18 microM). Simulations according to the modulated receptor hypothesis mimic the voltage-dependent block of WT and mutant channels by flecainide and mexiletine. All the results suggest similar blocking mechanisms for the two drugs. Yet, since flecainide exerts use-dependent block at lower frequency than mexiletine, it may exhibit greater benefit in all myotonic syndromes. Moreover, flecainide blocks hNa(v)1.4 channel mutants with a rightward shift of availability voltage dependence more specifically than mexiletine, owing to a lower K(R)/K(I) ratio. This study offers a pharmacogenetic strategy to better address treatment in individual myotonic patients.