PubMed 25878262

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.2

Title: The upregulation of α2δ-1 subunit modulates activity-dependent Ca2+ signals in sensory neurons.

Authors: Marianna D'Arco, Wojciech Margas, John S Cassidy, Annette C Dolphin

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurosci., 2015 Apr 15 , 35, 5891-903

PubMed link:

As auxiliary subunits of voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels, the α2δ proteins modulate membrane trafficking of the channels and their localization to specific presynaptic sites. Following nerve injury, upregulation of the α2δ-1 subunit in sensory dorsal root ganglion neurons contributes to the generation of chronic pain states; however, very little is known about the underlying molecular mechanisms. Here we show that the increased expression of α2δ-1 in rat sensory neurons leads to prolonged Ca(2+) responses evoked by membrane depolarization. This mechanism is coupled to CaV2.2 channel-mediated responses, as it is blocked by a ω-conotoxin GVIA application. Once initiated, the prolonged Ca(2+) transients are not dependent on extracellular Ca(2+) and do not require Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum. The selective inhibition of mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake demonstrates that α2δ-1-mediated prolonged Ca(2+) signals are buffered by mitochondria, preferentially activated by Ca(2+) influx through CaV2.2 channels. Thus, by controlling channel abundance at the plasma membrane, the α2δ-1 subunit has a major impact on the organization of depolarization-induced intracellular Ca(2+) signaling in dorsal root ganglion neurons.