PubMed 25906099

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav1.3 , Kir3.4

Title: Prevalence and characterization of somatic mutations in Chinese aldosterone-producing adenoma patients.

Authors: Baojun Wang, Xintao Li, Xu Zhang, Xin Ma, Luyao Chen, Yu Zhang, Xiangjun Lyu, Yuzhe Tang, Qingbo Huang, Yu Gao, Yang Fan, Jinzhi Ouyang

Journal, date & volume: Medicine (Baltimore), 2015 Apr , 94, e708

PubMed link:

Recently somatic mutations of KCNJ5, ATP1A1, ATP2B3, and CACNA1D have been identified in patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). The present study sequenced the DNA in the tissues and blood samples from Chinese patients with APA for KCNJ5, ATP1A1, ATP2B3, and CACNA1D gene mutations.Among the 114 patients, 86 (75.4%) were identified with KCNJ5 somatic mutations, including 3 previously reported (G151R, L168R, T158A) and 2 other unreported mutations. One patient presented with both a point mutation (E147) and an insertion mutation, whereas another had a 36-base duplication, G153_G164dup. No mutation of ATP1A1 and ATP2B3 in the known hotspots was identified and only 1 male patient was detected with a novel CACNA1D mutation, V748I. Unlike other studies, male and female patients had similar KCNJ5 mutation rates (76.9% vs 74.2%). Mutation carriers were younger and had lower preoperative potassium level, whereas male (but not female) mutation carriers had higher preoperative plasma aldosterone concentration and preoperative blood pressures. Mutation carriers also had higher LV mass index (LVMI) than nonmutation carriers. After surgery, LVMI improved significantly in the KCNJ5 mutation group but not in the nonmutation group. The mRNA expression of KCNJ5, CYP11B2, and ATP2B3 was higher in the KCNJ5-mutated APA tissues. Functional characterization of the 2 novel KCNJ5 mutations showed that they were associated with decreased proliferation, membrane depolarization, elevated secretion of aldosterone, and increased expression of CYP11B1 and CYP11B2.In conclusion, Chinese APA patients appear to have a high frequency of somatic KCNJ5 mutation. Mutation prevalence rates are similar among men and women and 2 novel mutations are identified. KCNJ5-mutated patients benefit more from surgical resection of APA than nonmutated patients.