PubMed 26219976

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV4

Title: Interaction of SiO2 nanoparticles with neuronal cells: Ionic mechanisms involved in the perturbation of calcium homeostasis.

Authors: Alessandra Gilardino, Federico Catalano, Federico Alessandro Ruffinatti, Gabriele Alberto, Bernd Nilius, Susanna Antoniotti, Gianmario Martra, Davide Lovisolo

Journal, date & volume: Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol., 2015 Sep , 66, 101-11

PubMed link:

SiO2 nanoparticles (NPs), in addition to their widespread utilization in consumer goods, are also being engineered for clinical use. They are considered to exert low toxicity both in vivo and in vitro, but the mechanisms involved in the cellular responses activated by these nanoobjects, even at non-toxic doses, have not been characterized in detail. This is of particular relevance for their interaction with the nervous system: silica NPs are good candidates for nanoneuromedicine applications. Here, by using two neuronal cell lines (GT1-7 and GN11 cells), derived from gonadotropin hormone releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons, we describe the mechanisms involved in the perturbation of calcium signaling, a key controller of neuronal function. At the non-toxic dose of 20μgmL(-1), 50nm SiO2 NPs induce long lasting but reversible calcium signals, that in most cases show a complex oscillatory behavior. Using fluorescent NPs, we show that these signals do not depend on NPs internalization, are totally ascribable to calcium influx and are dependent in a complex way from size and surface charge. We provide evidence of the involvement of voltage-dependent and transient receptor potential-vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels.