Channelpedia

PubMed 26314851


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK4



Title: Na+-induced Ca2+ influx through reverse mode of Na+-Ca2+ exchanger in mouse ventricular cardiomyocyte.

Authors: Zhen-Yu Yan, Tao Ban, Yao Fan, Wei-Ran Chen, Hong-li Sun, Hanying Chen, Quo-Fen Qiao, Bai-Yan Li

Journal, date & volume: Oncotarget, 2015 Sep 15 , 6, 23272-80

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26314851


Abstract
Dobutamine is commonly used for clinical management of heart failure and its pharmacological effects have long been investigated as inotropics via β-receptor activation. However, there is no electrophysiological evidence if dobutamine contributes inotropic action due at least partially to the reverse mode of Na+-Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) activation.Action potential (AP), voltage-gated Na+ (INa), Ca2+ (ICa), and K+ (Ito and IK1) currents were observed using whole-cell patch technique before and after dobutamine in ventricular cardiomyocytes isolated from adult mouse hearts. Another sets of observation were also performed with Kb-r7943 or in the solution without [Ca2+]o.Dobutamine (0.1-1.0 μM) significantly enhanced the AP depolarization with prolongation of AP duration (APD) in a concentration-dependent fashion. The density of INa was also increased concentration-dependently without alternation of voltage-dependent steady-status of activation and inactivation, reactivation as well. Whereas, the activities for ICa, Ito, and IK1 were not changed by dobutamine. Intriguingly, the dobutamine-mediated changes in AP repolarization were abolished by 3 μM Kb-r7943 pretreatment or by simply removing [Ca2+]o without affecting accelerated depolarization. Additionally, the ratio of APD50/APD90 was not significantly altered in the presence of dobutamine, implying that effective refractory period was remain unchanged.This novel finding provides evidence that dobutamine upregulates of voltage-gated Na+ channel function and Na+ influx-induced activation of the reverse mode of NCX, suggesting that dobutamine may not only accelerate ventricular contraction via fast depolarization but also cause Ca2+ influx, which contributes its positive inotropic effect synergistically with β-receptor activation without increasing the arrhythmogenetic risk.