PubMed 26320055

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPV , TRPV1

Title: Mother root of Aconitum carmichaelii Debeaux exerts antinociceptive effect in Complet Freund's Adjuvant-induced mice: roles of dynorpin/kappa-opioid system and transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 ion channel.

Authors: Chao Wang, Danni Sun, Chunfang Liu, Chunyan Zhu, Xianghong Jing, Shuping Chen, Cuiling Liu, Kai Zhi, Tengfei Xu, Hui Wang, Junling Liu, Ying Xu, Zhiqiang Liu, Na Lin

Journal, date & volume: J Transl Med, 2015 , 13, 284

PubMed link:

Processed Chuanwu (PCW), the mother root of Aconitum carmichaelii Debeauxv, has been widely used as a classic Traditional Chinese Medicine for pain relieve for over two millennia clinically. However, its action on chronic inflammatory pain has not been clarified. Here, we investigated the antinociceptive effect of PCW in complete freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced mice and its possible mechanisms associated with opioid system and TRPV1 ion channel.Male ICR mice were intraplantarly injected with CFA. PCW (0.34, 0.68 and 1.35 g/kg) was orally given to mice once a day for 7 days. Von frey hairs and planter test were assessed to evaluate the antinociceptive effect of PCW. To investigate the participation of dynorphin/opioid system in PCW antinociception, subtype-specific opioid receptor antagonists or anti-dynorphin A antiserum were used. To eliminate other central mechanisms that contribute to PCW antinociception, hot plate (50 °C) test were performed. Further, involvements of TRPV1 in PCW antinociception were evaluated in CFA-induced TRPV1(-/-) and TRPV1(+/+) C57BL/6 male mice, and in capsaicin-induced nociception ICR naive mice pretreated with nor-BNI. Meanwhile, calcium imaging was performed in HEK293T-TRPV1 cells. Finally, rotarod, open-field tests and body temperature measurement were carried out to assess side effects of PCW.PCW dose-dependently attenuated mechanical and heat hypersensitivities with no tolerance, which could be partially attenuated by coadministration of k-opioid receptor antagonist nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI) or anti-dynorphin A (1-13) antiserum. And PCW antinociception was totally erased by pretreatment with nor-BNI in the hot plate test. In addition, PCW antinociception was decreased in TRPV1(-/-) mice compared to TRPV1(+/+) group. And PCW still manifested inhibitory effects in capsaicin-induced nociception with nor-BNI pretreatment. PCW significantly inhibited capsaicin-induced calcium influx in HEK293T-TRPV1 cells. Finally, no detectable side effects were found in naive mice treated with PCW.This study shows PCW's potent antinociceptive effect in inflammatory conditions without obvious side effects. This effect may result from the activation of κ-opioid receptor via dynorpin release and the inhibition of TRPV1. These findings indicate that PCW might be a potential agent for the management of chronic inflammatory pain.