Channelpedia

PubMed 26446259


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ2 , KCNQ3 , Kv3.1 , Kv7.2 , Kv7.3 , SK3



Title: Activation of m1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor induces surface transport of KCNQ channel via CRMP-2 mediated pathway.

Authors: Ling Jiang, Anastasia Kosenko, Clinton Yu, Lan Huang, Xuejun Li, Naoto Hoshi

Journal, date & volume: J. Cell. Sci., 2015 Oct 7 , ,

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26446259


Abstract
Neuronal excitability is strictly regulated by various mechanisms, including modulation of ion channel activity and trafficking. Stimulation of m1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (also known as CHRM1) increases neuronal excitability by suppressing the M-current generated by the Kv7/KCNQ channel family. We found that m1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor stimulation also triggers surface transport of KCNQ subunits. This receptor-induced surface transport was observed with KCNQ2 as well as KCNQ3 homomeric channels, but not with Kv3.1 channels. Deletion analyses identified that a conserved domain in a proximal region of the N-terminal tail of KCNQ protein is crucial for this surface transport--the translocation domain. Proteins that bind to this domain were identified as α- and β-tubulin and collapsin response mediator protein 2 (CRMP-2; also known as DPYSL2). An inhibitor of casein kinase 2 (CK2) reduced tubulin binding to the translocation domain, whereas an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) facilitated CRMP-2 binding to the translocation domain. Consistently, treatment with the GSK3 inhibitor enhanced receptor-induced KCNQ2 surface transport. M-current recordings from neurons showed that treatment with a GSK3 inhibitor shortened the duration of muscarinic suppression and led to over-recovery of the M-current. These results suggest that m1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor stimulates surface transport of KCNQ channels through a CRMP-2-mediated pathway.