PubMed 24832648

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM8

Title: TRPM8 has a key role in experimental colitis-induced visceral hyperalgesia in mice.

Authors: T Hosoya, K Matsumoto, K Tashima, H Nakamura, H Fujino, T Murayama, S Horie

Journal, date & volume: Neurogastroenterol. Motil., 2014 Aug , 26, 1112-21

PubMed link:

Transient receptor potential channel melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is activated by cold temperatures and cooling agents (menthol and icilin). Recent studies showed TRPM8 is expressed in visceral organs and peripheral sensory pathways. However, the role of TRPM8 in visceral hyperalgesia is poorly understood in pathological states such as inflammatory bowel disease. Hence, we investigated the distribution of TRPM8 and its involvement in visceral hyperalgesia in experimental colitis mice.TRPM8 immunoreactivity was detected using immunohistochemical staining with fluorescein-conjugated tyramide amplification. Visceral hyperalgesia was measured by the intracolonic administration of TRPM8 agonist, WS-12, in control and dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis mice.TRPM8 immunoreactivity in the distal colon was much higher than in the transverse and proximal colon under physiological conditions. TRPM8 immunoreactivity markedly increased in the distal colon mucosa of DSS-induced colitis mice compared with control mice. The number of TRPM8 nerve fibers in mucosa of DSS- or 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis model mice drastically increased compared with control mice. TRPM8 immunoreactivities colocalized with the calcitonin gene-related peptide- and substance P-immunoreactive nerve fibers in the mucosa. Intracolonic administration of WS-12 induced behavioral visceral pain-like responses. The numbers of these responses in the colitis model mice were 3 times higher than in control mice, and were decreased by pretreatment with the TRPM8 channel blocker AMTB.Increased expression of TRPM8 may contribute to the visceral hyperalgesia of experimental colitis.