Channelpedia

PubMed 24859499


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KChip2a , Kv1.4 , Kv3.1 , Kv4.2



Title: Cardiomyocyte-derived mitochondrial superoxide causes myocardial electrical remodeling by downregulating potassium channels and related molecules.

Authors: Sayaka Kurokawa, Shinichi Niwano, Hiroe Niwano, Masami Murakami, Shoko Ishikawa, Yoshihiko Masaki, Hideaki Tamaki, Toshihiko Toda, Yoshihiro Noda, Takahiko Shimizu, Tohru Izumi, Junya Ako

Journal, date & volume: Circ. J., 2014 , 78, 1950-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24859499


Abstract
This study was designed to investigate the role of a primary hyperoxidative stress in myocardial electrical remodeling using heterozygous heart/muscle-specific manganese superoxide dismutase-deficient (H/M-Sod2(+/-)) mice treated with L-buthionine-sulfoximine (BSO).Both H/M-Sod2(+/-)and wild-type (WT) mice were treated with intra-peritoneal BSO or saline for 7 days, and divided into 4 groups: H/M-Sod2(+/-)+BSO, WT+BSO, H/M-Sod2(+/-)control, and WT control. The ventricular effective refractory period (ERP) and the monophasic action potential duration (MAPD) were determined. Levels of oxidative stress, potassium channel-related molecules, and K(+)channel-interacting protein-2 (KChIP2) were also evaluated. The H/M-Sod2(+/-)+BSO group exhibited markedly prolonged MAPD20, MAPD90 and ERP in comparison with the other groups (MAPD20: 14 ± 1 vs. 11 ± 1 ms, MAPD90: 77 ± 7 vs. 58 ± 4 ms, ERP: 61 ± 6 vs. 41 ± 3 ms, H/M-Sod2(+/-)+BSO vs. WT control; P<0.05). Mitochondrial superoxide and hydrogen peroxide formation in the myocardium increased in the H/M-Sod2(+/-)+BSO group in comparison with the WT+BSO group (P<0.05). Real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting revealed that Kv4.2 expression was downregulated in both BSO-treated groups, whereas KChIP2 expression was downregulated only in the H/M-Sod2(+/-)+BSO group (P<0.05).BSO treatment caused hyperoxidative stress in the myocardium of H/M-Sod2(+/-)mice. Changes in the expression and function of potassium channels were considered to be involved in the mechanism of electrical remodeling in this model.