PubMed 23261316

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: ClvC3 , ClvC4 , TRP , TRPC , TRPC1

Title: Calcium entry via TRPC1 channels activates chloride currents in human glioma cells.

Authors: Vishnu Anand Cuddapah, Kathryn L Turner, Harald Sontheimer

Journal, date & volume: Cell Calcium, 2013 Mar , 53, 187-94

PubMed link:

Malignant gliomas are highly invasive brain cancers that carry a dismal prognosis. Recent studies indicate that Cl(-) channels facilitate glioma cell invasion by promoting hydrodynamic cell shape and volume changes. Here we asked how Cl(-) channels are regulated in the context of migration. Using patch-clamp recordings we show Cl(-) currents are activated by physiological increases of [Ca(2+)]i to 65 and 180nM. Cl(-) currents appear to be mediated by ClC-3, a voltage-gated, CaMKII-regulated Cl(-) channel highly expressed by glioma cells. ClC-3 channels colocalized with TRPC1 on caveolar lipid rafts on glioma cell processes. Using perforated-patch electrophysiological recordings, we demonstrate that inducible knockdown of TRPC1 expression with shRNA significantly inhibited glioma Cl(-) currents in a Ca(2+)-dependent fashion, placing Cl(-) channels under the regulation of Ca(2+) entry via TRPC1. In chemotaxis assays epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced invasion was inhibition by TRPC1 knockdown to the same extent as pharmacological block of Cl(-) channels. Thus endogenous glioma Cl(-) channels are regulated by TRPC1. Cl(-) channels could be an important downstream target of TRPC1 in many other cells types, coupling elevations in [Ca(2+)]i to the shape and volume changes associated with migrating cells.