PubMed 23873353

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.3 , Cav3.1 , Kir2.3 , SK3 , SK4

Title: Advanced glycation end products impair K(Ca)3.1- and K(Ca)2.3-mediated vasodilatation via oxidative stress in rat mesenteric arteries.

Authors: Li-Mei Zhao, Yan Wang, Xiao-Zhen Ma, Nan-Ping Wang, Xiu-Ling Deng

Journal, date & volume: Pflugers Arch., 2014 Feb , 466, 307-17

PubMed link:

The present study was designed to investigate the role of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in intermediate-conductance and small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels (KCa3.1 and KCa2.3)-mediated relaxation in rat resistance arteries and the underlying mechanism. The endothelial function of mesenteric arteries was assessed with the use of wire myography. Expression levels of KCa3.1 and KCa2.3 were measured by using Western blot. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) were measured by using dihydroethidium and 2', 7'-dichlorofluorescein diacetate. KCa3.1 and KCa2.3-mediated vasodilatation responses to acetylcholine and NS309 (opener of KCa3.1 and KCa2.3) were impaired by incubation of the third-order mesenteric arteries from normal rats with AGEs (200 μg ml(-1) for 3 h). In cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), AGEs increased ROS level and decreased the protein expression of KCa3.1 and KCa2.3. Antioxidant alpha lipoic acid restored the impairment in both vasodilatation function and expression of KCa3.1 and KCa2.3. H2O2 could mimic the effect of AGEs on the protein expression of KCa3.1 and KCa2.3 in cultured HUVECs. These results demonstrate for the first time that AGEs impaired KCa3.1 and KCa2.3-mediated vasodilatation in rat mesenteric arteries via downregulation of both KCa3.1 and KCa2.3, in which the enhanced oxidative stress was involved.