PubMed 23895829

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3

Title: Oxidative stress impairs IKCa- and SKCa-mediated vasodilatation in mesenteric arteries from diabetic rats.

Authors: Limei Zhao, Yan Wang, Xiaozhen Ma, Yawen Wang, Xiuling Deng

Journal, date & volume: Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao, 2013 Jul , 33, 939-44

PubMed link:

To investigate the role of oxidative stress in impaired intermediate-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels (IKCa)- and small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium channels (SKCa)-mediated relaxation in diabetic resistance arteries.Rat diabetic model was induced by a high fat and high glucose diet and streptozotocin (STZ) injection. Endothelial function of mesenteric arteries was assessed with the use of wire myography. The expression levels of IKCa and SKCa in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) treated with H2O2 and/or antioxidant alpha lipoic acid (ALA) were measured using Western blotting.IKCa- and SKCa-mediated vasodilatation in response to acetylcholine was impaired in the third-order mesenteric arterioles of diabetic rats. In cultured HUVECs, H2O2 significantly decreased the protein expression of IKCa and SKCa. ALA alleviated the impairment of both vasodilatation function of the mesenteric arterioles ex vivo and enhanced the expression of IKCa and SKCa challenged with H2O2 in cultured HUVECs.Our data demonstrated for the first time that impaired IKCa- and SKCa-mediated vasodilatation in diabetes was induced, at least in part, by oxidative stress via down-regulation of IKCa and SKCa channels.