Channelpedia

PubMed 23922993


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: SK2



Title: Amiodarone inhibits apamin-sensitive potassium currents.

Authors: Isik Turker, Chih-Chieh Yu, Po-Cheng Chang, Zhenhui Chen, Yoshiro Sohma, Shien-Fong Lin, Peng-Sheng Chen, Tomohiko Ai

Journal, date & volume: PLoS ONE, 2013 , 8, e70450

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23922993


Abstract
Apamin sensitive potassium current (I KAS), carried by the type 2 small conductance Ca(2+)-activated potassium (SK2) channels, plays an important role in post-shock action potential duration (APD) shortening and recurrent spontaneous ventricular fibrillation (VF) in failing ventricles.To test the hypothesis that amiodarone inhibits I KAS in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK-293) cells.We used the patch-clamp technique to study I KAS in HEK-293 cells transiently expressing human SK2 before and after amiodarone administration.Amiodarone inhibited IKAS in a dose-dependent manner (IC50, 2.67 ± 0.25 µM with 1 µM intrapipette Ca(2+)). Maximal inhibition was observed with 50 µM amiodarone which inhibited 85.6 ± 3.1% of IKAS induced with 1 µM intrapipette Ca(2+) (n = 3). IKAS inhibition by amiodarone was not voltage-dependent, but was Ca(2+)-dependent: 30 µM amiodarone inhibited 81.5±1.9% of I KAS induced with 1 µM Ca(2+) (n = 4), and 16.4±4.9% with 250 nM Ca(2+) (n = 5). Desethylamiodarone, a major metabolite of amiodarone, also exerts voltage-independent but Ca(2+) dependent inhibition of I KAS.Both amiodarone and desethylamiodarone inhibit I KAS at therapeutic concentrations. The inhibition is independent of time and voltage, but is dependent on the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. SK2 current inhibition may in part underlie amiodarone's effects in preventing electrical storm in failing ventricles.