PubMed 23969974

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv10.1

Title: The hydrogen sulfide donor, Lawesson's reagent, prevents alendronate-induced gastric damage in rats.

Authors: L A D Nicolau, R O Silva, S R B Damasceno, N S Carvalho, N R D Costa, K S Aragão, A L R Barbosa, P M G Soares, M H L P Souza, J V R Medeiros

Journal, date & volume: Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res., 2013 Aug , 46, 708-14

PubMed link:

Our objective was to investigate the protective effect of Lawesson's reagent, an H2S donor, against alendronate (ALD)-induced gastric damage in rats. Rats were pretreated with saline or Lawesson's reagent (3, 9, or 27 µmol/kg, po) once daily for 4 days. After 30 min, gastric damage was induced by ALD (30 mg/kg) administration by gavage. On the last day of treatment, the animals were killed 4 h after ALD administration. Gastric lesions were measured using a computer planimetry program, and gastric corpus pieces were assayed for malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), proinflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β], and myeloperoxidase (MPO). Other groups were pretreated with glibenclamide (5 mg/kg, ip) or with glibenclamide (5 mg/kg, ip)+diazoxide (3 mg/kg, ip). After 1 h, 27 µmol/kg Lawesson's reagent was administered. After 30 min, 30 mg/kg ALD was administered. ALD caused gastric damage (63.35 ± 9.8 mm(2)); increased levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and MDA (2311 ± 302.3 pg/mL, 901.9 ± 106.2 pg/mL, 121.1 ± 4.3 nmol/g, respectively); increased MPO activity (26.1 ± 3.8 U/mg); and reduced GSH levels (180.3 ± 21.9 µg/g). ALD also increased cystathionine-γ-lyase immunoreactivity in the gastric mucosa. Pretreatment with Lawesson's reagent (27 µmol/kg) attenuated ALD-mediated gastric damage (15.77 ± 5.3 mm(2)); reduced TNF-α, IL-1β, and MDA formation (1502 ± 150.2 pg/mL, 632.3 ± 43.4 pg/mL, 78.4 ± 7.6 nmol/g, respectively); lowered MPO activity (11.7 ± 2.8 U/mg); and increased the level of GSH in the gastric tissue (397.9 ± 40.2 µg/g). Glibenclamide alone reversed the gastric protective effect of Lawesson's reagent. However, glibenclamide plus diazoxide did not alter the effects of Lawesson's reagent. Our results suggest that Lawesson's reagent plays a protective role against ALD-induced gastric damage through mechanisms that depend at least in part on activation of ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels.