Channelpedia

PubMed 24014653


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir2.3



Title: Structure-activity relationship of selected meta- and para-hydroxylated non-dioxin like polychlorinated biphenyls: from single RyR1 channels to muscle dysfunction.

Authors: Yassaman Niknam, Wei Feng, Gennady Cherednichenko, Yao Dong, Sudhir N Joshi, Sandhya M Vyas, Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Isaac N Pessah

Journal, date & volume: Toxicol. Sci., 2013 Dec , 136, 500-13

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24014653


Abstract
Non-dioxin like polychlorinated biphenyls (NDL-PCBs) are legacy environmental contaminants with contemporary unintentional sources. NDL-PCBs interact with ryanodine receptors (RyRs), Ca(2+) channels of sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum (SR/ER) that regulate excitation-contraction coupling (ECC) and Ca(2+)-dependent cell signaling in muscle. Activities of 4 chiral congeners PCB91, 95, 132, and 149 and their respective 4- and 5-hydroxy (-OH) derivatives toward rabbit skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RyR1) are investigated using [(3)H]ryanodine binding and SR Ca(2+) flux analyses. Although 5-OH metabolites have comparable activity to their respective parent in both assays, 4-OH derivatives are unable to trigger Ca(2+) release from SR microsomes in the presence of Ca(2+)-ATPase activity. PCB95 and derivatives are investigated using single channel voltage-clamp and primary murine embryonic muscle cells (myotubes). Like PCB95, 5-OH-PCB95 quickly and persistently increases channel open probability (p o > .9) by stabilizing the full-open channel state, whereas 4-OH-PCB95 transiently enhances p o. Ca(2+) imaging of myotubes loaded with Fluo-4 show that acute exposure to PCB95 (5 µM) potentiates ECC and caffeine responses and partially depletes SR Ca(2+) stores. Exposure to 5-OH-PCB95 (5 µM) increases cytoplasmic Ca(2+), leading to rapid ECC failure in 50% of myotubes with the remainder retaining negligible responses. 4-OH-PCB95 neither increases baseline Ca(2+) nor causes ECC failure but depresses ECC and caffeine responses by 50%. With longer (3h) exposure to 300 nM PCB95, 5-OH-PCB95, or 4-OH-PCB95 decreases the number of ECC responsive myotubes by 22%, 81%, and 51% compared with control by depleting SR Ca(2+) and/or uncoupling ECC. NDL-PCBs and their 5-OH and 4-OH metabolites differentially influence RyR1 channel activity and ECC in embryonic skeletal muscle.