PubMed 24046065

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Cav2.1 , Slo1

Title: Novel CACNA1A mutation(s) associated with slow saccade velocities.

Authors: Stefan Kipfer, Simon Jung, Johannes R Lemke, Anna Kipfer-Kauer, Jeremy P Howell, Alain Kaelin-Lang, Thomas Nyffeler, Klemens Gutbrod, Angela Abicht, René M Müri

Journal, date & volume: J. Neurol., 2013 Dec , 260, 3010-4

PubMed link:

Mutations in the voltage-gated Cav2.1 P/Q-type calcium channel (CACNA1A) can cause a wide spectrum of phenotypes, including the episodic ataxia type 2. Beside the growing number of descriptions of novel CACNA1A mutations with episodic ataxia type 2 phenotype; there are only rare reports on interictal oculomotor signs other than nystagmus. We describe a novel CACNA1A mutation and an unclassified CACNA1A in-frame variant in a Swiss family presenting as the episodic ataxia type 2 phenotype associated with reduced saccade velocity. In this case series interictal clinical examination showed only minimal neurological findings as mild limb ataxia and nystagmus, but most interestingly saccade analysis of all three affected individuals demonstrated reduced mean saccade velocity. Genetic testing of CACNA1A revealed a de novo frame-shift mutation (c.2691dupC/p.Thyr898Leufs 170) in the index patient in addition to an unclassified in-frame variant (c.6657_6659dupCCA/p.His2220dup) segregating in all three affected individuals. The de novo frame-shift CACNA1A mutation and the unclassified in-frame CACNA1A variant were associated with the episodic ataxia type 2 phenotype and reduced mean saccade velocity, which suggests involvement of brainstem or neural pathways connecting brainstem and the cerebellum in this disease.