Channelpedia

PubMed 24077856


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNK3 , KCNK9



Title: Immunocytochemical localization of TASK-3 protein (K2P9.1) in the rat brain.

Authors: Christiane Marinc, Christian Derst, Harald Prüss, Rudiger W Veh

Journal, date & volume: Cell. Mol. Neurobiol., 2014 Jan , 34, 61-70

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24077856


Abstract
Among all K2P channels, TASK-3 shows the most widespread expression in rat brain, regulating neuronal excitability and transmitter release. Using a recently purified and characterized polyclonal monospecific antibody against TASK-3, the entire rat brain was immunocytochemically analyzed for expression of TASK-3 protein. Besides its well-known strong expression in motoneurons and monoaminergic and cholinergic neurons, TASK-3 expression was found in most neurons throughout the brain. However, it was not detected in certain neuronal populations, and neuropil staining was restricted to few areas. Also, it was absent in adult glial cells. In hypothalamic areas, TASK-3 was particularly strongly expressed in the supraoptic and suprachiasmatic nuclei, whereas other hypothalamic nuclei showed lower protein levels. Immunostaining of hippocampal CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons showed strongest expression, together with clear staining of CA3 mossy fibers and marked staining also in the dentate gyrus granule cells. In neocortical areas, most neurons expressed TASK-3 with a somatodendritic localization, most obvious in layer V pyramidal neurons. In the cerebellum, TASK-3 protein was found mainly in neurons and neuropil of the granular cell layer, whereas Purkinje cells were only faintly positive. Particularly weak expression was demonstrated in the forebrain. This report provides a comprehensive overview of TASK-3 protein expression in the rat brain.