PubMed 24092847

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: TRP , TRPM , TRPM6 , TRPV , TRPV5

Title: The impact of dietary magnesium restriction on magnesiotropic and calciotropic genes.

Authors: Annelies A van Angelen, Pedro San-Cristobal, Wilco P Pulskens, Joost G Hoenderop, René J Bindels

Journal, date & volume: Nephrol. Dial. Transplant., 2013 Dec , 28, 2983-93

PubMed link:

Magnesium (Mg(2+)) is an essential electrolyte with important physiological functions. Consequently, hypomagnesaemia, an electrolyte disorder frequently diagnosed in critically ill patients, can have life-threatening consequences. The kidney plays a central role in the regulation of the Mg(2+) balance. The present study investigated the molecular consequences of dietary Mg(2+) restriction on renal Mg(2+) transporters.Two groups of 10 mice were fed a Mg(2+)-deficient diet or a Mg(2+)-enriched diet for 2 weeks. Serum and urine electrolyte concentrations were assayed. Next, renal mRNA expression levels of Mg(2+)-related genes were measured to determine their sensitivity to the dietary Mg(2+) content. Subsequently, parvalbumin (PV) and the thiazide-sensitive Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC), both co-expressed in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT) with TRPM6, were further analysed at the protein level using immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry.Serum and urine electrolyte measurements revealed that dietary Mg(2+) restriction resulted in significant reduction of serum Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) levels, and that the urinary excretion of these ions was also markedly reduced, while phosphate (Pi) excretion was significantly increased. In addition, the serum FGF23 level was markedly increased, whereas Pi was not significantly changed in the Mg(2+)-restricted mouse group. The renal abundance of hepatocyte nuclear factor 1 homeobox B (HNF1B) and the epithelial Mg(2+) channel TRPM6 were increased in response to dietary Mg(2+) restriction, whereas other magnesiotropic transporters were not affected. PV abundance was upregulated, while NCC was significantly downregulated. Furthermore, the expression levels of the epithelial Ca(2+) channel TRPV5 and calbindin-D28K were markedly reduced in the low Mg(2+) group.Our data indicate an essential adaptive role for DCT during hypomagnesaemia since TRPM6, HNF1B, PV and NCC expression levels were adjusted. Moreover, hypomagnesaemia resulted in severe changes in Ca(2+) and Pi reabsorption and expression levels of calciotropic proteins.