Channelpedia

PubMed 24189292


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kv1.1 , Kv1.3



Title: Vietnamese Heterometrus laoticus scorpion venom: evidence for analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity and isolation of new polypeptide toxin acting on Kv1.3 potassium channel.

Authors: Anh N Hoang, Hoang D M Vo, Nguyen P Vo, Kseniya S Kudryashova, Oksana V Nekrasova, Alexey V Feofanov, Mikhail P Kirpichnikov, Tatyana V Andreeva, Marina V Serebryakova, Victor I Tsetlin, Yuri N Utkin

Journal, date & volume: Toxicon, 2014 Jan , 77, 40-8

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24189292


Abstract
The scorpion Heterometrus laoticus (Scorpionidae) inhabits Indochinese peninsula and is widely distributed in South-West Vietnam. Since no human fatalities caused by H. laoticus stings were reported, no systematic characterization of the venom was earlier done. In this study we report on biological activity of the venom from H. laoticus caught in Vietnamese province An Giang. The venom manifested a very low acute toxicity with LD50 of about 190 mg/kg body weight in mice at subcutaneous (s.c.) injection and 12 mg/kg at intravenous injection. The venom analgesic effects using tail immersion and writhing tests as well as anti-inflammatory effect using carrageenan test were analyzed at doses of 9.5 and 19 mg/kg at s.c. injections. It was found that at two doses tested H. laoticus venom showed both anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity. The venom was fractionated by means of gel-filtration and reversed-phase HPLC. As a result several polypeptide toxins were isolated and new toxin hetlaxin was identified. Its amino acid sequence was determined and binding to the extracellular vestibule of the K⁺-conducting pore of Kv1.1 and Kv1.3 potassium channels was studied. Hetlaxin belongs to the scorpion alpha-toxin family and is the first toxin isolated from H. laoticus venom which possesses high affinity (K(i) 59 nM) to Kv1.3 potassium channel.