Channelpedia

PubMed 15353504


Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: Kir6.2 , Kv1.5 , Kv2.1



Title: Oxygen-sensitive Kv channel gene transfer confers oxygen responsiveness to preterm rabbit and remodeled human ductus arteriosus: implications for infants with patent ductus arteriosus.

Authors: Bernard Thébaud, Evangelos D Michelakis, Xi-Chen Wu, Rohit Moudgil, Michael Kuzyk, Jason R B Dyck, Gwyneth Harry, Kyoko Hashimoto, Alois Haromy, Ivan Rebeyka, Stephen L Archer

Journal, date & volume: Circulation, 2004 Sep 14 , 110, 1372-9

PubMed link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15353504


Abstract
Oxygen (O2)-sensitive K+ channels mediate acute O2 sensing in many tissues. At birth, initial functional closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA) results from O2-induced vasoconstriction. This mechanism often fails in premature infants, resulting in persistent DA, a common form of congenital heart disease. We hypothesized that the basis for impaired O2 constriction in preterm DA is reduced expression and function of O2-sensitive, voltage-gated (Kv) channels.Preterm rabbit DA rings have reduced O2 constriction (even after inhibition of prostaglandin and nitric oxide synthases), and preterm DA smooth muscle cells (DASMCs) display reduced O2-sensitive K+ current. This is associated with decreased mRNA and protein expression of certain O2-sensitive Kv channels (Kv1.5 and Kv2.1) but equivalent expression of the L-type calcium channel. Transmural Kv1.5 or Kv2.1 gene transfer "rescues" the developmental deficiency, conferring O2 responsiveness to preterm rabbit DAs. Targeted SMC Kv1.5 gene transfer also enhances O2 constriction in human DAs.These data demonstrate a central role for developmentally regulated DASMC O2-sensitive Kv channels in the functional closure of the DA. Modulation of Kv channels may have therapeutic potential in diseases associated with impaired O2 responsiveness, including persistent DA.