PubMed 15277926

Referenced in Channelpedia wiki pages of: none

Automatically associated channels: KCNQ2 , Kv7.2

Title: Retigabine stimulates human KCNQ2/Q3 channels in the presence of bupivacaine.

Authors: Mark A Punke, Patrick Friederich

Journal, date & volume: Anesthesiology, 2004 Aug , 101, 430-8

PubMed link:

Inhibition of KCNQ2/Q3 channels may cause convulsion in humans. The interaction of bupivacaine with these channels is unknown. The anticonvulsant retigabine activates KCNQ2/Q3 channels and may reverse inhibitory actions of bupivacaine. Potassium channel stimulation may thus constitute a novel approach to treat local anesthetic-induced seizures. The aim of this study was to characterize bupivacaine effects on KCNQ2/Q3 channels and to investigate whether retigabine reverses the effects of the local anesthetic.KCNQ2/Q3 channels were transiently expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The effects of bupivacaine and retigabine were studied with the patch-clamp technique.Bupivacaine inhibited KCNQ2/Q3 channels in a concentration-dependent and reversible manner. The concentration-response curve was described by a Hill equation (IC50 = 173 +/- 7 microm, Hill coefficient = 1.4 +/- 0.1, mean +/- SEM, n = 37). The inhibitory effect did not differ between bupivacaine and levobupivacaine (42 +/- 4%, n = 7, versus 42 +/- 5%, n = 10; P > 0.05). Ropivacaine was four times less potent than bupivacaine. The inhibition of KCNQ2/Q3 channels by bupivacaine resulted in a significant and reversible depolarization of the membrane potential. Retigabine (300 nm-10 microm) reversed the inhibitory action of bupivacaine on KCNQ2/Q3 channels as well as the depolarization of the membrane potential.The anticonvulsant retigabine at nanomolar concentrations reverses the inhibitory effect of micromolar concentrations of bupivacaine. Our results allow the hypothesis that activation of KCNQ2/Q3 channels by retigabine may offer a novel therapeutic approach for the treatment of bupivacaine-induced seizures.